# Forward Rate Agreement Calculation Example

A Forward Rate Agreement (FRA) is an over-the-counter agreement between two parties, where one party agrees to pay the other a fixed interest rate on a specified notional amount for a future period. FRAs are typically used by companies to hedge against interest rate risk and manage their cash flows.

To illustrate how FRA calculations work, let`s consider an example of a company that wants to hedge against the risk of rising interest rates. The company expects to borrow $2 million in six months at a floating rate (based on LIBOR) and wants to fix the rate for the following six months. The current six-month LIBOR rate is 1.5%.

To hedge against the interest rate risk, the company enters into a six-month FRA with a bank to fix the interest rate for the following six months. The bank agrees to pay the company the difference between the fixed rate and the floating rate on the notional amount of $2 million.

Let`s assume that the fixed rate agreed upon by the company and the bank is 2% per annum. The FRA contract is settled at the end of the six-month period, based on the difference between the fixed rate and the actual six-month LIBOR rate.

If the six-month LIBOR rate at the end of the period is 2.5%, the bank would pay the company 0.5% (2.5% – 2.0%) on the notional amount of $2 million. This would result in a payment of $10,000 ($2,000,000 x 0.5% x 0.5) to the company.

On the other hand, if the six-month LIBOR rate at the end of the period is lower than the fixed rate of 2%, the company would pay the bank the difference between the fixed rate and the actual LIBOR rate.

For example, if the six-month LIBOR rate at the end of the period is 1.8%, the company would pay the bank 0.2% (2.0% – 1.8%) on the notional amount of $2 million. This would result in a payment of $4,000 ($2,000,000 x 0.2% x 0.5) to the bank.

In conclusion, FRA calculations can be tricky, but by understanding how they work, companies can use them to hedge against interest rate risk and manage their cash flows effectively. It is important to work with a reputable bank or financial institution when entering into FRA contracts, and to have a solid understanding of the terms and conditions of the agreement.